Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) During Pregnancy and the Risk for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the Offspring: A True Effect o

Citation:

Regina Leshem, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Orna Diav-Citrin, Siham Gbaly, Jessica Soliman, Christel Renoux, and Ilan Matok. 2021. “Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) During Pregnancy and the Risk for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the Offspring: A True Effect o.” Current Neuropharmacology, 19, 6, Pp. 896–906.

Abstract:

{BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An inconsistent association between exposure to SSRIs and SNRIs and the risk for ASD and ADHD in the Offspring was observed in observational studies. Some suggest that the reported association might be due to unmeasured confounding. We aimed to study this association and to look for sources of bias by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2019 for studies reporting on ASD and ADHD in the Offspring following exposure during pregnancy. We followed the PRISMA 2009 guidelines for data selection and extraction. Outcomes were pooled using random- effects models and odds ratios (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for each outcome using the adjusted point estimate of each study. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. We found an association between SSRIs/ SNRIs prenatal use and the risk for ASD and ADHD (OR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.23-1.65, I(2)=58%; OR=1.26, 95% CI: 1.07-1.49