Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors and the risk for neurocognitive adverse events: A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Citation:

Bruria Hirsh Raccah, Alona Yanovsky, Nir Treves, Victoria Rotshild, Christel Renoux, Haim Danenberg, Ran Eliaz, and Ilan Matok. 2021. “Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors and the risk for neurocognitive adverse events: A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression.” International journal of cardiology, 335, Pp. 7–14.

Abstract:

{BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that lipid lowering therapy causes impaired cognitive changes. The association between the use of Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors and the risk of neurocognitive adverse events remains unclear. This meta-analysis aims to assess neurocognitive safety of PCSK9 inhibitors in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS AND RESULTS: The research was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase and Cochrane library were searched through September 2019. Selection criteria included RCTs that addressed to neurocognitive adverse events of participants using Alirocumab, Evolocumab or Bococizumab, with a follow up duration of at least 6 months. The search results were screened by two independent reviewers. Safety data from included papers were extracted. Random effects meta-analysis was used to pool results, and meta-regression was utilized when applicable. Twenty-one studies were included. Among 59,733 patients, 31,611 were treated with PCSK9 inhibitors. The follow-up period ranged from 24 weeks to 48 months. No significant difference in the incidence of neurocognitive adverse effects between the groups was identified (RR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.86-1.19, I(2) = 3%). Similar results were seen in subgroup analysis for each of the medications (alirocumab- RR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.72-1.08, I(2) = 0%, evolocumab- RR = 1.42, 95% CI: 0.74-2.73, I(2) = 55%). A meta-regression analysis for evolocumab revealed that prolonged study duration was associated with decreased risk for neurocognitive adverse events ($\beta$(week) = -0.0037